David Skinner: Quantum Field Theory II

These are the lecture notes for the second Quantum Field Theory course offered to Part III students. They discuss Path Integrals, Wilsonian Effective Theory, the Renormalization Group, and non-Abelian Gauge Theories.


Contents


  • Introduction:   PDF File
    Choosing a QFT. Space-time, fields, actions. Path integrals, the partition function and correlators.
  • QFT in Zero Dimensions:   PDF File
    Review of the path integral. Free theory and Wick's theorem. Perturbation theory, asymptotic expansions and Feynman diagrams. Supersymmetry and localization. Effective theory of a coupled system.
  • QFT in One Dimension:   PDF File
    The path integral approach to Quantum Mechanics and its relation to the operator approach. Brownian motion and the path integral measure. Effective Quantum Mechanics. 1d Quantum Gravity as the worldline approach to QFT.
  • The Renormalization Group:   PDF File
    Wilson's approach to renormalization. Renormalization group flow. Beta functions, anomalous dimensions and Callan-Symanzik equations. Renormalization group trajectories. Counterterms and the continuum limit. Polchinski's equation. The local potential approximation. Gaussian and Wilson-Fisher fixed points in scalar theory. Zamolodchikov's c-theorem.
  • Perturbative Renormalization:   PDF File
    One loop renormalization of quartic scalar theory. Mass renormalization. The on-shell renormalization scheme. Renormalization of the quartic coupling. Irrelevant interactions and the quantum effective action. Dimensional regularization and the MS-bar scheme. The beta function and triviality. One loop renormalization of QED. Vacuum polarization. Counterterms and the beta function of QED. The Euler-Heisenberg effective action.
  • Symmetries in QFT:   PDF File
    Symmetries and conserved charges in classical field theory. Symmetries of the quantum effective action. Ward-Takahashi identities. Current conservation in QFT. Emergent symmetries. Low energy effective field theory. Charges, quantum states and representations. Gauge transformations are redundancies, not symmetries!
  • Yang-Mills Theory:   PDF File
    Principal bundles and vector bundles. Connections, curvature and holonomy. The Yang-Mills action and Yang-Mills equations. Matter and minimal coupling. The Yang-Mills path integral. Faddeev-Popov ghosts and BRST symmetry. Feynman rules in Lorenz gauge. Large N. Lattice gauge theory. Topological terms and the vacuum angle. Perturbative renormalization of Yang-Mills. The beta function and asymptotic freedom. Confinement.

Problem Sheets

If you're enrolled on the Part III/ MASt course in either Maths, Physics or Astrophysics you can sign up for problem classes here.


Recommended Books

Any one of Schwartz Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model, Srednicki Quantum Field Theory or Peskin & Schroeder An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory will be useful books for the course, although our approach will initially be rather different. Many further suggestions for further reading are given in the first chapter of the Lecture Notes.